Backyard Composting

Composting is Mother Nature's way of recycling food scraps, grass, leaves and other plant and animal matter. You can join forces with Mother Nature to make valuable compost in your own backyard . Follow these EASY steps...

  1. Start your pile: you can purchase a commercial composter, build one (using anything from chicken wire to pallets), or simply have an open pile. Call Valley Waste for D.I.Y. plans
  2. Place your compost pile in a partially shaded, easy to reach spot in your yard
  3. Mix equal amounts of "greens" (fruit and vegetable scraps, fresh grass, egg shells) and "browns" (straw, dried leaves, wood shavings, shredded paper) into the pile. Each time you add "greens" you should add "browns". It’s a good idea to keep a pile or bag of dried leaves handy for this purpose.
  4. Omit certain food scraps. Some are not recommended for your backyard composter: meat, bones, dairy products, fats. These items take longer to break down and may attract animals.
  5. Moisten the pile. It should be moist but not dripping wet; turn it every week or two through the Spring, Summer and Fall
  6. Dig your "black gold" into your vegetable and flower gardens, or spread it on your lawn and around trees and shrubs. When it’s finished, you’ll know. It will be dark, rich and earthy smelling. Your plants will thank you!

Backyard composting in winter? Sure you can!

You can continue to add material to your backyard composter all winter long. Although your compost pile may freeze if the weather is very cold, it will come back to life again in the Spring. Continue to add "browns" (straw, dried leaves, wood shavings, shredded paper, etc.) each time you throw in greens (vegetable peelings, egg shells, etc.). That will ensure that the pile contains the right mix of ingredients when it starts to work again in the Spring. The pile will build up over the winter but shrink again once it heats up again with the warmer weather. As the warmer weather approaches remember to turn your compost pile again since it will need air to keep working.

For further information call us, we have information on how to build your own composter.
Call us at 902-679-1325 or toll free at 1-877-WASTE00 (927-8300).

Valley Waste–Resource Management
The Municipalities of Kings, Annapolis Royal, Berwick, Kentville, Middleton and Wolfville:
Partners in Waste Reduction